‘Notetaker’ is a system that has been developed, after extensive and on-going research, by FIS® Associate Kerry Marlow to improve the quality of interviews with clients by providing a system to help interviewers:
During the course of any ‘investigative interview’ the interviewer is expected to gather detail.
Defining detail has relied on the experience and knowledge of the individual interviewer. Where audio and/or visual recording of interviews are not considered a viable option, Notetaker has been developed to provide a more consistent approach to the gathering of that detail.
Using the system may assist interviewers in assessing and identifying the information categories of detail differentiating between information, evidential and investigative detail (Achieving Best Evidence, 2011).
Note-Taking when conducting interviews, interviewers (investigators) face the formidable task of having to actively listen, formulate questions, and take notes simultaneously.
In the absence of a structure to taking their notes, investigators may be inclined to try and make a contemporaneous written record of the information provided by the interviewee.
In these circumstances, the demands on the interviewer’s information processing systems are likely to be overloaded.
The consequences of this are that:
It is necessary to make use of an effective system for taking notes in order to avoid these potential consequences.
The use of such a system is likely to give the interviewer the opportunity to assimilate the quality and quantity of the information provided and should provide a firm basis for the questions that are to be asked to clarify or challenge the interviewee’s account.
Notetaker can be used as the basis for such a system. Using the notetaker system can assist in structuring notetaking, analysis of the detail and briefing and debriefing of interviewers and other personnel involved in the investigation.
One of the key aims of investigative interviews is to obtain as much information as possible from the interviewee about the event in question.
A Notetaker system has been developed, to improve the quality of the gathering of information and subsequent analysis by providing a system to help investigators, plan and prepare for interviews and gathering information; differentiate between evidential and investigative detail; take notes during interviews; summarise the information from interviews and other sources; and evaluate the quality of the interviews and sources of information (Marlow, 2002).
2. Categories of Information
Objectives for the webinar. Notetaker divides information into four categories: people, location, action and time.
Objectives for an interview, such as establishing the presence of people at a location at a particular time. Separate this information from the action details.
Planning an interview from an initial account and using a timeline.
5. Evidential Objectives
Priority is the action detail. This detail describes the details of the offence.
6. Practical Considerations
Practical tips to obtain detail.
7. Introduction to practical session
A graphic showing the separate recording of investigative detail and evidential detail.
8. Introduction and first account
Audio example of a first account.
9. Initial account topics
Graphic of first account topics.
10. First topic
Audio example of first topic.
11. First topic detail
Graphic of first account detail.
12. Probing for detail
Audio example of probing for detail.
13. Action detail is evidential detail
Audio example of action detail is evidential detail
14. In conclusion
Kerry summarises obtaining the detail in accounts
15. Notetaker Paper download
Download and print the accompanying guide to the notetaker method.
Interviews that are professionally undertaken with effective notetaking and quality assured can have several advantages for your business.
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